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Partners In Flight--Species Management Synthesis

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Go to Species Accounts Table

There are several resources available that provide compilations and syntheses from the scientific literature on the effects of management practices on particular bird species. These efforts include:

(1) ConserveOnline is a "one-stop" online, public library, created and maintained by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) in partnership with other conservation organizations. The library makes conservation tools, techniques, and experience available to a broad community of conservation practitioners. The links provided here are to resources called Species Management Abstracts. 

For more information on the TNC ConserveOnline effort visit http://conserveonline.org/ or contact

David Mehlman, 505-244-0535, Ext. 24    dmehlman@tnc.org

 (2) A series of literature syntheses on the effects of management practices on grassland and wetland birds being completed by the U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (NPWRC).

For more information on the NPWRC effort, or their writeups, visit http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/grasbird/  or http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/wetbird/

(3) Species Status Assessments, syntheses of literature available on particular species of interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and Focal Species Accounts developed as part of the USFWS Focal Species Strategy to measure success in bird conservation.  In addition, where available online, we link to recovery plans for species listed under the Endangered Species Act.

Information on focal species can be found at: http://focalbirds.nbii.gov/ .

(4) The Birds of North America species accounts are now available online through Cornell Lab of Ornithology by subscription.  Otherwise they are commonly available as hard copies in science libraries and other libraries.  For ease of reference, we provide the BNA account number for each species.

For more information on Birds of North America Online visit   http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna

WHAT SPECIES ACCOUNTS ARE AVAILABLE?

Below is a table listing species for which one or more of these writeups are available. A "YES" in the appropriate Sources - Availability column indicates that a species account is currently available. The acronyms in the Source columns represent: TNC (The Nature Conservancy/ConserveOnline); NPWRC ( USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center ); USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service -  Species Status Assessment or Focal Species Account); and BNA (Birds of North America).

Please note: We continue to add links to Species Accounts within this table.  If the Yes in the box is underlined and highlighted, then a Species Account is available and this can be clicked to go to that Species Account via the web. 

Last Updated: 11/02/2012

Common Name

Sources - Availability

Comments & Additional Sources

TNC

NPWRC

USFWS

BNA (#)

Red-throated Loon

 

 

 

513 

 

Pacific Loon

 

 

 

657

 

Arctic Loon

 

 

 

657

 

Common Loon

YES

 

YES

313

 

Yellow-billed Loon

 

 

 

121

 

Least Grebe

 

 

 

24

 

Pied-billed Grebe

YES

 

YES

410

 

Horned Grebe

 

 

 

505

 

Red-necked Grebe

 

 

 

465

 

Eared Grebe

 

YES

 

433

 

Western Grebe

 

 

 

26

 

Clark 's Grebe

 

 

 

26

 

Laysan Albatross

 

 

YES 

66

 

Black-footed Albatross

 

 

 YES

65

 

Northern Fulmar

 

 

 

361

 

Dark-rumped Petrel

 

 

 

345

 

Bonin Petrel

 

 

 

385

 

Bulwer's Petrel

 

 

 

281

 

Wedge-tailed Shearwater

 

 

 

305

 

Christmas Shearwater

 

 

 

561

 

Manx Shearwater

 

 

 

257

 

Townsend's Shearwater

 

 

 

297

 

Black-vented Shearwater

 

 

 

521

 

Newell's Shearwater

 

 

 

297

 

Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel

 

 

 

569

 

Leach's Storm-petrel

 

 

 

233

 

Ashy Storm-petrel

 

 

 

185

 

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel

 

 

 

673

 

Tristram's Storm-Petrel

 

 

 

673

 

Black Storm-Petrel

 

 

 

577

 

White-tailed Tropicbird

 

 

 

353

 

Red-tailed Tropicbird

 

 

 

43

 

Masked Booby

 

 

 

73

 

Brown Booby

 

 

 

649

 

Red-footed Booby

 

 

 

241

 

Northern Gannet

 

 

 

693

 

American White Pelican

 

 

 

57

 

Brown Pelican

YES

 

 

609

 

Brandt's Cormorant

 

 

 

362

 

Neotropic Cormorant

 

 

 

137

 

Double-crested Cormorant

 

 

YES

441

 

Great Cormorant

 

 

 

553

 

Pelagic Cormorant

 

 

 

282

 

Red-faced Cormorant

 

 

 

617

 

Anhinga

 

 

 

522

 

Magnificent Frigatebird

 

 

 

601

 

Great Frigatebird

 

 

 

681

 

American Bittern

YES

YES

YES

18

 

Least Bittern

YES

 

YES

17

 

Great Blue Heron

 

 

 

257

 

Great Egret

 

 

 

570

 

Snowy Egret

 

 

 

489

 

Little Blue Heron

 

 

 

145

 

Tricolored Heron

 

 

 

306

 

Reddish Egret

YES

 

 

633

 

Cattle Egret

 

 

 

113

 

Green Heron

 

 

 

129

 

Black-crowned Night-Heron

 

 

 

74

 

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

 

 

 

161

 

White Ibis

 

 

 

9

 

Glossy Ibis

 

 

 

545

 

White-faced Ibis

 

 

 

130

 

Roseate Spoonbill

 

 

 

490

 

Wood Stork

 

 

 

409

 

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

 

 

 

562

 

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

 

 

 

578

 

Greater White-fronted Goose

 

 

 

131

 

Greater White-fronted Goose

 

 

 

131

 

Emperor Goose

 

 

 

97

 

Snow Goose

 

 

YES 

514

 

Ross' Goose

 

 

 YES

162

 

Nene

 

 

 

434

 

Canada Goose

 

 

 

682

 

Brant

 

 

 

337

 

Mute Swan

 

 

 

273

 

Trumpeter Swan

 

 

 

105

 

Tundra Swan

 

 

 

89

 

Wood Duck

 

 

 

169

 

Gadwall

 

 

 

283

 

American Wigeon

 

 

 

401

 

American Black Duck

 

 

 

481

 

Mottled Duck

 

 

 

81

 

Mallard

 

 

 

658

 

Hawaiian Duck

 

 

 

694

 

Laysan Duck

 

 

 

242

 

Cinnamon Teal

 

 

 

209

 

Blue-winged Teal

 

 

 

625

 

Northern Shoveler

 

 

 

217

 

Northern Pintail

 

 

 

163

 

Green-winged Teal

 

 

 

193

 

Canvasback

 

 

 

659

 

Redhead

 

 

 

695

 

Ring-necked Duck

 

 

 

329

 

Greater Scaup

 

 

YES 

650

 

Lesser Scaup

 

 

YES

338

 

Spectacled Eider

 

 

 

547

 

King Eider

 

 

 

491

 

Common Eider

 

 

YES *

546

*Pacific subsp

Steller's Eider

 

 

 

571

 

Harlequin Duck

 

 

 

466

 

Long-tailed Duck

 

 

 

651

 

Labrador Duck

 

 

 

307

 

Surf Scoter

 

 

 

363

 

White-winged Scoter

 

 

 

274

 

Black Scoter

 

 

 

177

 

Bufflehead

 

 

 

67

 

Common Goldeneye

 

 

 

170

 

Barrow's Goldeneye

 

 

 

548

 

Hooded Merganser

 

 

 

98

 

Common Merganser

 

 

 

442

 

Red-breasted Merganser

 

 

 

443

 

Ruddy Duck

 

 

 

705

 

Masked Duck

 

 

 

393

 

Black Vulture

 

 

 

411

 

Turkey Vulture

 

 

 

339

 

California Condor

 

 

 YES

610

 

Osprey

 

 

 

683

 

Swallow-tailed Kite

YES

 

 

138

 

White-tailed Kite

 

 

 

178

 

Snail Kite

 

 

 

171

 

Mississippi Kite

YES

 

 

402

 

Bald Eagle

 

 

YES* 

506

*Southwestern

Northern Harrier

YES

YES

YES

210

 

Sharp-shinned Hawk

 

 

 

482

 

Cooper's Hawk

YES

 

 

75

 

Northern Goshawk

YES

 

YES*

298

* for Midwest  

Common Black-Hawk

 

 

 

122

 

Harris' Hawk

 

 

 

146

 

Gray Hawk

 

 

 

652

 

Red-shouldered Hawk

YES

 

YES

107

 

Broad-winged Hawk

 

 

 

218

 

Short-tailed Hawk

 

 

 

674

 

Swainson's Hawk

 

YES

 

265

 

Zone-tailed Hawk

 

 

 

529

 

Hawaiian Hawk

 

 

 

523

 

White-tailed Hawk

 

 

 

30

 

Red-tailed Hawk

 

 

 

52

 

Ferruginous Hawk

YES

YES

 

172

 

Rough-legged Hawk

 

 

 

641

 

Golden Eagle

 

YES

 

684

 

Crested Caracara

 

 

 

249

 

American Kestrel

 

 

 

602 

 

Merlin

 

YES

 

44

 

Aplomado Falcon

 

 

 

549

 

Gyrfalcon

 

 

 

114

 

Peregrine Falcon

 

 

 

660

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prairie Falcon

YES

YES

 

346

 

Plain Chachalaca

 

 

 

550

 

Gray Partridge

 

 

 

58

 

Black Francolin

 

 

 

394-396

 

Gray Francolin

 

 

 

394-396

 

Erckel's Francolin

 

 

 

394-396

 

Chukar

 

 

 

258

 

Himalayan Snowcock

 

 

 

328

 

Ring-necked Pheasant

 

 

 

572

 

Common Peafowl

 

 

 

377

 

Ruffed Grouse

 

 

 

515

YES

Sage Grouse

YES*

 

 

425

* written before the split 

Greater Sage Grouse

 

YES

YES*

 

* through USGS/WAFA

Spruce Grouse

YES

 

 

5

YES

Willow Ptarmigan

 

 

 

369

 

Rock Ptarmigan

 

 

 

51

 

White-tailed Ptarmigan

 

 

 

68

 

Blue Grouse*

 

 

 

15*

* written before the split

Sharp-tailed Grouse

YES

 

 

354

YES

Greater Prairie-Chicken

 

YES

YES* 

36

YES
*Attwater’s

Lesser Prairie-Chicken

YES

YES

 

364

YES

Wild Turkey

 

 

 

22

YES

Northern Bobwhite

YES

 

YES* 

397

YES    YES
* Masked Bobwhite

Mountain Quail

 

 

 

457

YES

Scaled Quail

YES

 

 

106

YES

California Quail

 

 

 

473

YES

Gambel's Quail

 

 

 

321

YES

Montezuma Quail

 

 

 

524

YES

Yellow Rail

YES

YES

 

139

 

Black Rail

YES

 

YES

123

 

Clapper Rail

 

 

YES* 

340

* Yuma Clapper Rail

King Rail

 

 

YES 

3

 

Virginia Rail

 

YES

 

173

 

Laysan Rail

 

 

 

426

 

Sora

 

YES

 

250

 

Hawaiian Rail

 

 

 

426

 

Purple Gallinule

 

 

 

626

 

Common Moorhen

 

 

 

685

 

American Coot

 

 

 

696

 

Hawaiian Coot

 

 

 

696

 

Limpkin

 

 

 

627

 

Sandhill Crane

 

 

 

31

 

Whooping Crane

 

 

 

153

 

Black-bellied Plover

 

 

 

186

 

American Golden-plover

 

 

 

201-202

YES 

Pacific Golden-plover

 

 

 

201-202

 

Snowy Plover

YES

 

YES 

154

 

Wilson 's Plover

YES

 

 

516

 

Semipalmated Plover

 

 

 

444

 

Piping Plover

YES

 

 

2

 

Mountain Plover

YES

YES

 YES

211

YES

Killdeer

 

 

 

517

 

American Oystercatcher

 

 

YES

82

YES

Black Oystercatcher

 

 

YES

155

 

Black-necked Stilt

 

 

 

449

 

American Avocet

 

YES

 

275

 

Northern Jacana

 

 

 

467

 

Greater Yellowlegs

 

 

 

355

 

Lesser Yellowlegs

 

 

 

427

 

Solitary Sandpiper

 

 

 

156

 

Willet

YES

YES

 

579

 

Wandering Tattler

 

 

 

642

 

Spotted Sandpiper

 

 

 

289

 

Upland Sandpiper

YES

YES

YES YES

 

YES

Eskimo Curlew

 

 

 

347

 

Whimbrel

 

 

 

219

YES

Bristle-thighed Curlew

YES

 

 

706

 

Long-billed Curlew

 

YES

YES 

628

 

Hudsonian Godwit

 

 

YES

629

YES  

Bar-tailed Godwit

 

 

 

581

 

Marbled Godwit

YES

YES

YES 

492

YES 

Ruddy Turnstone

 

 

 

537

 

Black Turnstone

 

 

 

585

 

Surfbird

 

 

 

266

 

Red Knot

 

 

YES

563

YES 

Sanderling

 

 

 

653

YES 

Semipalmated Sandpiper

 

 

 

6

 

Western Sandpiper

 

 

 

90

YES 

Least Sandpiper

 

 

 

115

 

White-rumped Sandpiper

 

 

 

29

 

Baird's Sandpiper

 

 

 

661

 

Pectoral Sandpiper

 

 

 

348

 

Purple Sandpiper

 

 

 

697

 

Rock Sandpiper

 

 

 

686

 

Dunlin

 

 

YES

203

YES 

Stilt Sandpiper

 

 

 

341

 

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

 

 

 

91

 

Short-billed Dowitcher

 

 

 

564

 

Long-billed Dowitcher

 

 

 

493

 

Common Snipe

 

 

 

417

 

American Woodcock

YES

 

YES

100

 YES   

Wilson's Phalarope

YES

YES

 

83

YES 

Red-necked Phalarope

 

 

 

538

YES 

Red Phalarope

 

 

 

698

 

Pomarine Jaeger

 

 

 

483

 

Parasitic Jaeger

 

 

 

445

 

Long-tailed Jaeger

 

 

 

365

 

Laughing Gull

 

 

 

225

 

Franklin 's Gull

 

 

 

116

 

Little Gull

 

 

 

428

 

Bonaparte's Gull

 

 

 

634

 

Heermann's Gull

 

 

 

643

 

Mew Gull

 

 

 

687

 

Ring-billed Gull

 

 

 

339

 

California Gull

 

 

 

259

 

Herring Gull

 

 

 

124

 

Iceland Gull

 

 

 

699

 

Thayer's Gull

 

 

 

699

 

Yellow-footed Gull

 

 

 

243

 

Western Gull

 

 

 

174

 

Glaucous-winged Gull

 

 

 

59

 

Glaucous Gull

 

 

 

573

 

Great Black-backed Gull

 

 

 

330

 

Black-legged Kittiwake

 

 

 

92

 

Red-legged Kittiwake

 

 

 

60

 

Sabine's Gull

 

 

 

593

 

Ivory Gull

 

 

 

175

 

Gull-billed Tern

 

 

YES

140

 

Caspian Tern

 

 

 

403

 

Royal Tern

 

 

 

700

 

Elegant Tern

 

 

 

404

 

Sandwich Tern

 

 

 

405

 

Roseate Tern

 

 

 

370

 

Common Tern

 

 

YES*

618

* for Great Lakes region

Arctic Tern

 

 

 

707

 

Forster's Tern

 

 

 

595

 

Least Tern

YES

 

 

290

 

Aleutian Tern

 

 

 

291

 

Gray-backed Tern

 

 

 

525

 

Bridled Tern

 

 

 

468

 

Sooty Tern

 

 

 

665

 

Black Tern

YES

YES

YES

147

 

White Tern

 

 

 

371

 

Brown Noddy

 

 

 

220

 

Black Noddy

 

 

 

412

 

Black Skimmer

 

 

 

108

 

Dovekie

 

 

 

701

 

Common Murre

 

 

 

666

 

Thick-billed Murre

 

 

 

497

 

Razorbill

 

 

 

635

 

Great Auk

 

 

 

260

 

Black Guillemot

 

 

 

675

 

Pigeon Guillemot

 

 

 

49

 

Marbled Murrelet

 

 

 

276

 

Kittlitz's Murrelet

 

 

 

435

 

Xantus' Murrelet

 

 

 

164

 

Ancient Murrelet

 

 

 

132

 

Cassin's Auklet

 

 

 

50

 

Parakeet Auklet

 

 

 

594

 

Least Auklet

 

 

 

69

 

Whiskered Auklet

 

 

 

76

 

Crested Auklet

 

 

 

70

 

Rhinoceros Auklet

 

 

 

212

 

Tufted Puffin

 

 

 

708

 

Atlantic Puffin

 

 

 

709

 

Horned Puffin

 

 

 

603

 

Rock Dove

 

 

 

138

 

White-crowned Pigeon

YES

 

 

596

 

Red-billed Pigeon

YES

 

 

644

 

Band-tailed Pigeon

YES

 

 

530

 

Eurasian Collared-Dove

 

 

 

630

 

Spotted Dove

 

 

 

586

 

White-winged Dove

 

 

 

710

 

Mourning Dove

 

 

 

117

 

Passenger Pigeon

 

 

 

611

 

Inca Dove

 

 

 

289

 

Common 
Ground-Dove

YES

 

 

645

 

White-tipped Dove

 

 

 

436

 

Monk Parakeet

 

 

 

322

 

Carolina Parakeet

 

 

 

667

 

White-winged Parakeet

 

 

 

386-387

 

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet

 

 

 

386-387

 

Thick-billed Parrot

 

 

 

406

 

Red-crowned Parrot

 

 

 

292

 

Black-billed Cuckoo

YES

 

 

587

 

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

YES

 

 

418

 

Mangrove Cuckoo

 

 

 

299

 

Greater Roadrunner

 

 

 

244

 

Smooth-billed Ani

 

 

 

539

 

Groove-billed Ani

 

 

 

612

 

Barn Owl

YES

 

YES

1

 

Flammulated Owl

YES

 

 

93

 

Eastern Screech-owl

 

 

 

165

 

Western Screech-Owl

 

 

 

597

 

Whiskered Screech-Owl

 

 

 

507

 

Great Horned Owl

 

 

 

372

 

Snowy Owl

 

 

 

10

 

Northern Hawk Owl

 

 

 

356

 

Northern Pygmy-Owl

 

 

 

494

 

Elf Owl

YES

 

 

413

 

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl

 

 

 

498

 

Burrowing Owl

YES*

YES

YES*

61

* (subsp. Hypugaea)

Spotted Owl

 

 

YES* 

179

* Mexican

Great Gray Owl

 

 

 

41

 

Barred Owl

 

 

 

508

 

Long-eared Owl

 

 

 

133

 

Short-eared Owl

YES

YES

YES

62

 

Boreal Owl

 

 

 

63

 

Northern Saw-whet Owl

 

 

 

42

 

Lesser Nighthawk

 

 

 

314

 

Common Nighthawk

 

 

 

213

 

Antillean Nighthawk

 

 

 

619

 

Common Pauraque

 

 

 

429

 

Common Poorwill

 

 

 

32

 

Chuck-will's-widow

YES

 

 

499

 

Buff-collared Nightjar

 

 

 

267

 

Whip-poor-will

YES

 

 

620

 

Black Swift

 

 

 

676

 

Chimney Swift

YES

 

 

646

 

Vaux' Swift

YES

 

 

77

 

White-throated Swift

 

 

 

526

 

Broad-billed Hummingbird

 

 

 

430

 

Xantus's Hummingbird

 

 

 

554

 

Buff-bellied Hummingbird

 

 

 

388

 

Violet-crowned Hummingbird

 

 

 

688

 

Blue-throated Hummingbird

 

 

 

531

 

Magnificent Hummingbird

 

 

 

221

 

Lucifer Hummingbird

 

 

 

134

 

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

YES

 

 

204

 

Black-chinned Hummingbird

 

 

 

495

 

Anna's Hummingbird

 

 

 

226

 

Costa's Hummingbird

 

 

 

251

 

Calliope Hummingbird

 

 

 

135

 

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

 

 

 

164

 

Rufous Hummingbird

YES

 

 

53

 

Allen's Hummingbird

 

 

 

501

 

Elegant Trogon

 

 

 

357

 

Belted Kingfisher

 

 

 

84

 

Green Kingfisher

 

 

 

621

 

Lewis' Woodpecker

YES

 

 

284

 

Red-headed Woodpecker

YES

 

 

518

 

Acorn Woodpecker

 

 

 

194

 

Gila Woodpecker

YES

 

 

532

 

Golden-fronted Woodpecker

 

 

 

373

 

Red-bellied Woodpecker

 

 

 

500

 

Williamson's Sapsucker

 

 

 

285

 

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

 

 

 

662

 

Red-breasted sapsucker

 

 

 

663

 

Red-naped Sapsucker

YES

 

 

663

 

Ladder-backed Woodpecker

 

 

 

565

 

Nuttall's Woodpecker

 

 

 

555

 

Downy Woodpecker

 

 

 

613

 

Hairy Woodpecker

 

 

 

702

 

Strickland's Woodpecker

 

 

 

474

 

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

 

 

 YES

85

 

White-headed Woodpecker

YES

 

 

252

 

Three-toed Woodpecker

YES

 

 

588

 

Black-backed Woodpecker

YES

 

 

509

 

Northern Flicker

 

 

 

166

 

Pileated Woodpecker

YES

 

 

148

 

Ivory-billed Woodpecker

 

 

 

711

 

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet

 

 

 

519

 

Olive-sided Flycatcher

YES

 

YES

502

 

Greater Pewee

 

 

 

450

 

Western Wood-Pewee

 

 

 

451

 

Eastern Wood-Pewee

YES

 

 

245

 

Acadian Flycatcher

YES

 

 

614

 

Alder Flycatcher

 

 

 

446

 

Willow Flycatcher

YES

 

YES* 

533

* Southwestern

Least Flycatcher

 

 

 

99

 

Hammond 's Flycatcher

YES

 

 

109

 

Gray Flycatcher

YES

 

 

458

 

Dusky Flycatcher

YES

 

 

78

 

Pacific-slope Flycatcher

 

 

 

556

 

Cordilleran Flycatcher

YES

 

 

556

 

Buff-breasted Flycatcher

 

 

 

125

 

Black Phoebe

 

 

 

268

 

Eastern Phoebe

 

 

 

94

 

Say's Phoebe

 

 

 

374

 

Vermilion Flycatcher

 

 

 

484

 

Dusky-capped Flycatcher

 

 

 

631

 

Ash-throated Flycatcher

 

 

 

664

 

Great-crested Flycatcher

YES

 

 

300

 

Brown-crested Flycatcher

 

 

 

496

 

Great Kiskadee

 

 

 

622

 

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher

 

 

 

475

 

Tropical Kingbird

 

 

 

358

 

Couch's Kingbird

 

 

 

437

 

Cassin's Kingbird

 

 

 

534

 

Thick-billed Kingbird

 

 

 

604

 

Western Kingbird

 

 

 

227

 

Eastern Kingbird

 

 

 

253

 

Gray Kingbird

 

 

 

668

 

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

YES

 

 

342

 

Skylark

 

 

 

286

 

Horned Lark

 

YES

 

195

 

Rose-throated Becard

YES

 

 

 

 

Kaua'i 'O' o

 

 

 

535

 

O'ahu 'O' o

 

 

 

535

 

Bishop's 'O' o

 

 

 

535

 

Hawaii 'O' o

 

 

 

535

 

Kioea

 

 

 

535

 

Northern Shrike

 

 

 

671

 

Loggerhead Shrike

YES

YES

YES