PIF-US Header Graphic

Home || What is PIF? || Que es Compañeros en Vuelo? || PIF Bird Conservation Plans || PIF Maps   || PIF Species Assessment 
Research and Monitoring Needs   PIF Newsletter || La Tangara || International Migratory Bird Day
PIF Regional Working Groups || Other PIF Resources || PIF Contacts

Black Swift

 

Common Name:  Black Swift (BLSW)

Scientific Name:  Cypseloides niger

Global/Continental Conservation Status:  NOT on IUCN 2004 Red List

National-level Conservation Status:  U.S. – Bird of Conservation Concern

Key Reference(s):  BNA No. 676 (Lowther and Collins 2002)

Distribution:  Breeds locally from se Alaska (north to the Stikine River), s-c British Columbia, and sw Alberta south through the Pacific states to s California, and from Idaho, nw Montana, w and c Colorado, c Utah, se Arizona, n-c New Mexico, Chihuahua, Durango, Nayarit, Hidalgo, and Veracruz south through s Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras to Costa Rica (not recorded in Nicaragua); and in the Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Montserrat, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent).  Winters (presumably) in South America , but distribution unknown. (AOU 1998)

Habitat Associations:  Primarily montane areas (except in the most northern part of the range), foraging over both forest and open areas; nests in crevices or shallow caves in steep rock faces and canyons, usually near or behind waterfalls (occasionally in sea caves) (Subtropical and Temperate zones) (AOU 1998).

Source(s) of Research/monitoring Needs:  Colorado Bird Conservation Plan; Alaska Bird Conservation Plan; New Mexico Bird Conservation Plan; Canadian Action Plan (Dunn  2002), BNA No. 676 (Lowther and Collins 2002); PIF Monitoring Needs document (Partners in Flight Science Committee 2004)

PIF Continental Plan Monitoring Needs Category:  Mo2 (BBS trends have very low precision)

RESEARCH/MONITORING NEEDS (source(s) of needs)

Monitoring

  • Priority monitoring action – Conduct species-specific surveys (PIF Monitoring Needs doc); (similar identified needs) Test and evaluate monitoring protocols for breeding BLSW (Colorado); Document BLSW breeding areas in northern New Mexico (New Mexico); Develop programs to locate nest colonies, periodically assess population status across range, survey specific sites annually, determine if there are sites suitable for migration counts (Canadian Action Plan); Determine population status of BLSWs in se Alaska (Alaska); Find additional nest sites in all parts of BLSW range (BNA)
  • Second priority monitoring action – Conduct Mexican/Caribbean species-specific surveys (PIF Monitoring Needs doc)

Habitat Needs/Ecology/Life History

  • More information on BLSW behavior (including at the nest, post fledging period, dispersal of young birds, daily foraging range) (BNA)

Effects of Management Practices

  • Effects of large-scale wildland fires, prescribed fires and restoration efforts, including effects on foraging habitat of BLSW ( Colorado )
  • Interaction between forestry practices, flying ant abundance, and BLSW nesting success (Canadian Action Plan)

Effects of Human Development/Disturbance

  • Effects of rock climbing during the summer and ice climbing during the winter on priority species including BLSW ( Colorado )
  • Identify BLSW nesting habitat most susceptible to disturbance ( Colorado )

Migration

  • Identify key migratory stopover areas and habitats of BLSW ( Colorado )

Wintering

  • Identify wintering areas - Identify principal wintering areas for BLSW in Mexico , Central or South America ( Colorado ); Determine BLSW winter range (Canadian Action Plan)
  • More information on behavior & ecology during nonbreeding season (BNA)

Demographics

  • Conduct demographic studies of BLSWs ( Colorado )

Habitat Restoration

  • See needs under “Effects of Management Actions”

[Link to References]

[Link to PIF Bird Conservation Plans]

 

 

 

 


Home || What is PIF? || Que es Compañeros en Vuelo? || PIF Bird Conservation Plans || PIF Maps   || PIF Species Assessment 
Research and Monitoring Needs   PIF Newsletter || La Tangara || International Migratory Bird Day
PIF Regional Working Groups || Other PIF Resources || PIF Contacts